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  • Conflict, Statehood, and Violent Actors

    The number of conflicts in Africa is on the rise, as are their victims. What new political orders emerge as armed non-state actors proliferate? How do megatrends affect conflict dynamics and warfare.

  • Megatrends and Political Authority

    Political authority in Africa will be increasingly intertwined with and shaped by the megatrends. These processes of change can promote democratic structures, but also autocratic tendencies. At the moment, the latter trend prevails in many states worldwide.


  • New External Actors in Africa

    The global balance of power is shifting towards a multipolar, fragmented world order. This has a significant impact on Africa's international relations. States like China, Russia, the United Arab Emirates, or Turkey offer African states new forms of cooperation.