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  • Violent Actors and Transformation of Conflict

    The number of conflicts in Africa is on the rise, as are their victims. What new political orders emerge as armed non-state actors proliferate? How do megatrends affect conflict dynamics and warfare?


  • Megatrends between Democracy and Autocracy

    Megatrends will increasingly shape political authority in Africa. These processes of change can promote democratic structures, but they can also encourage autocratic tendencies. At the moment, the latter is the dominant trend in many states around the world.

  • Global Power Shift and Multipolarity

    The global balance of power is shifting towards a multipolar and fragmented world order. States like China, Russia, the United Arab Emirates, or Turkey offer African states new forms of cooperation. African governments may choose from a wider selection of partners and forms of cooperation.